Comparing the Effectiveness of Psychological Debriefing, Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing, and Imaginal Exposure on Treatment of Chronic Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
Khosropour F, Ebrahiminejad Gh, Salehi M, Farzad V
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|Date Received: Nov 19 2010
||Date Revised: May 15 2011
||Date Accepted: May 25 2011
Background & Aims: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is considered as one of the most prevalent disorder during the life time and can negatively influence the individual, family and social relationships of patients; so, prevention and treatment of this disorder is highly important. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), psychological debriefing (PD), and imaginal exposure (IE) are some treatment methods; but there is controversy about long effects of these treatments, especially among chronic patients.
Method: In a semi experimental study, a total of 54 adult male patients, based on Davidson scale and psychiatric diagnostic, were randomly selected, and then were divided into 3 equal therapy groups. All participants were evaluated before, after and 3 months after the treatment. Data were analyzed through the repeated variance and Duncan post-hoc tests.
Results: Psychological debriefing and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing were better than imaginal exposure in relief of chronic post-traumatic stress disorder signs and remaining the effectiveness in three months follow-up.
Conclusion: It is concluded that all of the above methods are effective on chronic post-traumatic stress disorder and the efficacy of the therapeutic techniques would be still in force even after 3 months. Considering the importance of psychological interventions, it is necessary that such methods be taught to psychologists so that they can use them after traumatic accidents.
Keywords: Chronic post-traumatic stress disorder, Eye movement desensitization reprocessing, Debriefing, Exposure therapy